What is Migraine Aura?
Migraine aura is a neurological phenomenon that affects approximately one-third of individuals who experience migraines. Aura refers to a set of symptoms that can occur before or during a migraine headache. These symptoms are usually visual but can also affect other senses such as touch, hearing, and smell.
Migraine aura typically occurs within an hour before the onset of a migraine headache and can last for up to an hour. The symptoms of aura can be alarming and may include visual disturbances such as seeing flashing lights, blind spots, or zigzag lines. Other sensory symptoms may include numbness or tingling in the face or limbs, difficulty speaking, or a sense of confusion.
Migraine aura is believed to be caused by changes in the brain that occur during a migraine. These changes can affect the way that nerve cells in the brain communicate, leading to the sensory symptoms associated with aura.
FAQs About Migraine Aura:
Q: Are there any treatments for migraine aura?
A: While there is no cure for migraine aura, there are treatments available to help manage the symptoms. These may include medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and migraine-specific medications. Physical therapy can also be an effective way to manage migraine aura symptoms, which we will explore further below.
Q: Can migraine aura occur without a headache?
A: Yes, it is possible to experience migraine aura without a headache. This is known as a "silent migraine" or "acephalgic migraine." In these cases, individuals may experience the symptoms of aura without the headache pain.
Q: Are there any triggers that can cause migraine aura?
A: Some of the common triggers for migraines, such as stress, lack of sleep, hormonal changes, and certain foods, can also trigger migraine aura. Other triggers may include environmental factors such as bright lights, loud noises, or changes in altitude.
Q: How Physical Therapy Can Help with Migraine Aura?
A: Physical therapy can be an effective way to manage the symptoms of migraine aura. A physical therapist can work with individuals to identify trigger factors and develop strategies to manage them. In addition, physical therapy can provide exercises that can help improve posture and reduce muscle tension, which can help prevent migraine aura symptoms.
Manual therapy techniques such as massage and trigger point release can help to reduce muscle tension and improve blood flow, which can help prevent migraine aura symptoms. Furthermore, physical therapists can provide education on relaxation techniques and breathing exercises to help individuals manage stress, which can also be a trigger factor for migraine aura.
In conclusion, migraine aura can be a challenging and often distressing symptom of migraines. While there is no cure for migraine aura, physical therapy can be an effective way to manage the symptoms and improve overall quality of life. By working with a physical therapist, individuals can learn techniques to manage their migraine aura symptoms and reduce the frequency and intensity of their migraines.